Toussaint louverture ap english essay October 12, Toussaint louverture ap english essay Outline of essay sample question i am essay examples job interview qualitative methods essay. Example essay for english yourself analyze this essay argumentative a term papers sample economics essay about appearance sports and games.
In the late s Toussaint Louverture, a military leader and former slave, gained control of several areas and earned the initial support of French agents.
He gave nominal allegiance to France while pursuing his own political and military designs, which included negotiating with the British, and in May … Rise to power Toussaint was the son of an educated slave; he acquired through Jesuit contacts some knowledge of French, though he wrote and spoke it poorly, usually employing Haitian Creole and African tribal language.
Winning the favour of the plantation manager, he became a livestock handler, healer, coachman, and finally steward. Legally freed inhe married and had two sons. Toussaint was homely, short, and small framed. He was a fervent Roman Catholic, opposed to Vodou Voodoo.
He dressed simply and was abstemious and a vegetarian. Although he slept little, his energy and capacity for work were astonishing. As a leader he inspired awe and adulation. When a sudden slave revolt began in the northern province August and soon spread to encompass thousands of slaves across the colony, Toussaint was at first uncommitted.
After hesitating a few weeks, he helped his former master escape and then joined the black forces who were burning plantations and killing many Europeans and mulattoes people of mixed African and European ancestry.
He soon discerned the ineptitude of the rebel leaders and scorned their willingness to compromise with European radicals. Collecting an army of his own, Toussaint trained his followers in the tactics of guerrilla warfare.
When France and Spain went to war inthe black commanders joined the Spaniards of Santo Domingothe eastern two-thirds of Hispaniola now the Dominican Republic.
Yet, in MayToussaint went over to the French, giving as his reasons that the French National Convention had recently freed all slaves, while Spain and Britain refused, and that he had become a republican. He has been criticized for the duplicity of his dealings with his onetime allies and for a slaughter of Spaniards at a mass.
His switch was decisive: By Toussaint Louverture was widely renowned. He was adored by blacks and appreciated by most Europeans and mulattoes, for he did much to restore the economy. Convinced that people were naturally corrupt, he felt that compulsion was needed to prevent idleness.
Yet the labourers were no longer whipped: Racial tensions were eased because Toussaint preached reconciliation and believed that blacks, a majority of whom were African born, had to learn from Europeans and Europeanized mulattoes. Elimination of rivals Though he worked well with Laveaux, Toussaint eased him out in After some devious maneuvers, Toussaint forced Sonthonax out in Next to go were the British, whose losses caused them to negotiate secretly with Toussaint, notwithstanding the war with France.
Treaties in and secured their complete withdrawal. Lucrative trade was begun with Britain and with the United States. In return for arms and goods, Toussaint sold sugar and promised not to invade Jamaica or the American South.
The British offered to recognize him as king of an independent Haiti, but, scornful of pompous titles and distrustful of the British because they maintained slaveryhe refused. Then a bloody campaign in eliminated another potential rival to Toussaint by driving Rigaud out and destroying his mulatto state.
A purge that was carried out by Jean-Jacques Dessalines in the south was so brutal that reconciliation with the mulattoes was impossible. Ignoring commands to the contrary by Roume and by Napoleon Bonapartewho had become first consul of France, Toussaint overran it in Januaryfreed the slaves, and amazed the Europeans and mulattoes with his magnanimity.
In command of the entire island, Toussaint dictated a constitution that made him governor-general for life with near absolute powers. Catholicism was the state religion, and many revolutionary principles received ostensible sanction.
There was no provision for a French official, however, because Toussaint professed himself a Frenchman and strove to convince Bonaparte of his loyalty. He also described his success in restoring order and prosperity in epistles that, like all his writings, were ungrammatical yet testify to the grasp, incisiveness, and depth of a formidable intellect.
Toussaint knew Bonaparte despised blacks and planned to reinstitute slavery. He was also aware that Bonaparte would seek to intimidate the island upon making peace with England; therefore, he drilled a huge army and stored supplies.
Yet Toussaint behaved ambiguously: He desired above all to prevent a restoration of slavery while preserving the society he had built. A French invasion under Gen. Charles Leclerc began in January in far greater force than expected.
Most Europeans and mulattoes defected to him; after a few weeks of furious fighting, the chief black leaders, even Christophe and Dessalines, sided with Leclerc as well. Toussaint retired in honour to a plantation.Toussaint L'Ouverture He was born into slavery on a plantation under the ownership of Count de Breda.
Toussaint was the oldest of eight children, five were boys and three girls. AP Language, Period 3 January 15, In Class Essay, Redo In , Wendell Phillips delivered a speech about the great accomplishments of the most powerful leader in Haiti; Toussaint-Louverture.
AP® ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND COMPOSITION SCORING GUIDELINES (Form B) Question 3 (continued) 2 Little Success Essays earning a score of 2 demonstrate little success in analyzing the strategies that the speaker uses to praise his subject and move his audience.
Toussaint Louverture: Toussaint Louverture, leader of the Haitian independence movement during the French Revolution. Toussaint was the son of an educated slave; Updates?
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There was a slave named Toussaint L?Ouverture, who had lived all his life at Breda plantation, about fifteen miles from the capital. He was forty-seven years old and in comparison to the other slaves on the island, he had enjoyeda good and comfortable life?.