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An accident at work can be defined in different ways depending of the context in which it is used. Prevention of accidents at work focuses on the causes of accidents. Accident causation models provide a theoretical basis for explaining how accidents at work occur. Statistical data give some details about the accidents that occur in the workplace: Definitions of accidents and incidents Numerous definitions exist of accidents and incidents at work.
The nature of the definitions often depends on the context and the purpose such as accident prevention 1.
The definition of an accident at work in the context of accident prevention In the context of accident prevention, the phenomenon of accidents and incidents are often viewed in light of accident investigation and analysis. The main purpose is to gain insight in the underlying causes in order to prevent accidents in the future and to improve the safety of the workers.
Definitions of accidents and incidents reflect this purpose and refer one way or another on how accidents occur. Definitions of accident and Incident The definition of an accident provided by Heinrich in the s is often cited.
Heinrich defines an accident as an unplanned and uncontrolled event in which the action or reaction of an object, substance, person or radiation results in personal injury or the probability thereof.
Variations on this definition can be found throughout the safety literature. Bird and Germain for instance define an accident as an unintended or unplanned happening that may or may not result in property damage, personal injury, work process stoppage or interference, or any combination of these conditions under such circumstances that personal injury might have resulted .
In more recent literature, it is often argued that the notions "unplanned", "uncontrolled" are misleading.
This might give the idea that the event is related to fate or chance. However, when the causes are determined, it is usually found that many events were predictable and could have been prevented if the right actions were taken.
This implies that the event is not one of fate or chance. An incident is referred to as a work-related event s in which an injury or ill health regardless of severity or fatality occurred, or could have occurred.
An accident is regarded as a particular type of incident in which an injury or illness actually occurs. A near-miss is an incident where no injury or illness occurs. Therefore, an incident can be either an accident or a near-miss.
Although the term incident is regarded more and more as a broad term encompassing all events causing injury or material damages and also near-miss events, this is not always the case.
Incident is then regarded as a synonym for a near-miss event . These differences in terminology and definitions have to be taken into account when browsing through safety literature or when looking into accident investigation techniques. The standard definition of occupational accident contains the following elements: The fact that occupational accidents are fortuitous, sudden, unexpected external events allows making a distinction between accidents and diseases.
Diseases are usually caused by a process extended over a longer period of time and not by a sudden event. Although this distinction seems straightforward it is not always the case.
For instance, back problems can be the result from continuous exposure or be linked to a sudden event. In a broad sense occupational accidents also include commuting accidents. The definition of an occupational accident also includes the fact that the accident has to arise out of work performed in the course and the scope of employment.Behavioural change theories are attempts to explain why behaviours change.
These theories cite environmental, personal, and behavioural characteristics as . I have been a cynical towards people who worry about smart meters for a couple years, even was an early adopter nearly 5 years ago.
The last year I have been experiencing a chronic sore throat that my doctors can’t explain, my kids are developing learning disabilities, among other strange health issues. Safety and Health at Work ([email protected]) is an international, peer-reviewed, interdisciplinary journal published quarterly in English beginning in The.
Following policy consultations that took place from August 14, to January 15, , the Workplace Safety and Insurance Board (WSIB or the Board) announced its new rate framework for employers. Working with management and delivery teams to advise on the statutory health, safety and environmental requirements.
This paper examines the theoretical underpinning of the community based approach to health and safety programs. Drawing upon the literature, a theory is constructed by elucidating assumptions of community based programs. The theory is then put to test by analyzing the extent to .