Physiology[ edit ] Scheme of selective permeability routes of epithelial cells red arrows. The transcellular through the cells and paracellular between the cells routes control the passage of substances between the intestinal lumen and blood.
Female rats' ovaries are affected as well, 7 which is alarming because females, unlike males, have only one set of eggs from birth, and the genetic damage that accumulates before they give birth may affect posterity. Power line frequencies, in addition to microwave frequencies, have similarly been linked to infertility or miscarriage, suggesting that this is not necessarily a thermal effect, and that power line and microwave frequencies may be working under similar mechanisms.
Read more on powerline magnetic fields here. Genotoxic Effects and Cancer Genetic changes resulting from microwaves, including DNA strand breaks, double-stranded breaks, and effects on gene expression, is another interesting area of research. There is both scientific evidence for this as well as epidemiological evidence for the increase of cancer as a result of wireless exposure.
There are now in total at least 11 studies showing DNA breaks. A paper by Phillips, Singh, and Lai further notes that the comet assay method is very sensitive and that some researchers with little prior experience made specific methodological errors, or developed versions with different detection sensitivities.
The following have been raised as possibilities: Martin Pall proposed that EMF can act directly on the voltage sensor of calcium channels to open the calcium channel and stimulate  an influx of calcium in the cell to a high concentration, which can result in downstream biological effects like an  increase in nitric oxide and superoxide, which react to form  peroxynitrite.
The excessive oxidative stress can then cause damage to DNA. Direct Interaction with Electrons: Local charging of DNA caused by displacement of electrons in DNA can result in its disaggregation, and thereby impact protein synthesis.
Radiation-induced increase in oxidative and nitrosative free radicals may result in DNA damage as well as hinder the repair process.
There are at least 24 papers on increased free radical activity from microwaves since DNA happens to be a good conductor of electricity, and electrical charge transfer may be linked to DNA breaks.
An electrical charge added to the DNA may cause a charge transfer to travel the DNA until it encounters guanine, which it oxidizes, causing strand breaks that may lead to genetic mutations.
DNA as an antenna: Another mechanism proposed for DNA damage is related to the leakage of DNAase through the membranes of lysosomes, due to the calcium efflux effect see section on calcium efflux below. If the mutation is too great, cell death may occur, which is a partially protective mechanism, because it prevents the propagation of errors.
Corresponding Epidemiological Evidence and Animal Studies Given that microwaves cause damage to DNA, we might expect to see cancer increases in epidemiological studies and animal studies. Inrecently released findings of the National Toxicology Program on cell phone radiation and rats and the Ramazzini Study on mobile phone base station radiation and rats both discovered increased incidence of heart schwannoma and brain gliomas See EHT's factsheets on the Ramazzini and NTP studies and their comparison.
Indeed, cell phones are not the only concern. Cancer has been potentially linked not only to mobile phones, but also to cordless phones 17radio towers, and TV towers Australia, Great Britain, Rome, and San Francisco, and Lookout Mountain, Colorado.
Nevertheless, the premise itself appears false, given the many epidemiological studies on radio and TV towers, which indicate a correlation with cancer.The following articles are culled from Alternative Medicine Review, the premier alt-med rutadeltambor.com of these articles recommend nutritional supplementation as a component of case management.
Please refer to our Nutrition Section for more information regarding specific nutrients of interest. Search the Alt-Med Section Please read our Nutrition . This page provides a searchable database of culminating projects (theses, dissertations, practicums and projects) completed by students receiving graduate degrees from our department.
To access complete UW DEOHS student theses and dissertations, visit the ResearchWorks Archive. INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF FIRE FIGHTERS.
DIVISION OF OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH, SAFETY AND MEDICINE. Position on the Health Effects from Radio Frequency/Microwave (RF/MW) Radiation in Fire Department Facilities from Base Stations for Antennas and Towers for the Conduction of Cell Phone Transmissions.
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Arthritis of the knee, swelling of the wrists, neck and back pain *. There is ample research on nonionizing, nonthermal wireless radiation showing health effects. Please see the BioInitiative report (), Pathophysiology Issue on EMFs (Aug ), and the Environmental Reviews () article by Levitt/Lai to get an idea of the volume of scientific research which has been done on the topic of wireless radiation .