When the nineteenth century began, a woman was not permitted to vote or hold office; she had few rights to her own property or earnings; she could not take custody of her children if she divorced; she did not have access to a higher education.
Farms and plantations were burned down and their crops destroyed. Also, many people had Confederate money which was now worthless and the local governments were in disarray. The South needed to be rebuilt. The rebuilding of the South after the Civil War is called the Reconstruction.
The Reconstruction lasted from to The purpose of the Reconstruction was to help the South become a part of the Union again. Federal troops occupied much of the South during the Reconstruction to insure that laws were followed and that another uprising did not occur. Other people, however, wanted to forgive the South and let the healing of the nation begin.
Lincoln's Plan for Reconstruction Abraham Lincoln wanted to be lenient to the South and make it easy for southern states to rejoin the Union. He said that any southerner who took an oath to the Union would be given a pardon.
Under Lincoln's plan, any state that was readmitted must make slavery illegal as part of their constitution. President Johnson President Lincoln was assassinated at the end of the Civil War, however, and never had the chance to implement his Reconstruction plan.
When Andrew Johnson became president, he was from the South and wanted to be even more lenient to the Confederate States than Lincoln. Congress, however, disagreed and began to pass harsher laws for the Southern states.
Black Codes In an effort to get around laws passed by Congress, many southern states began to pass Black Codes. These were laws that prevented black people from voting, going to school, owning land, and even getting jobs. These laws caused a lot of conflict between the North and the South as they tried to reunite after the Civil War.
New Amendments to the Constitution To help with the Reconstruction and to protect the rights of all people, three amendments were added to the US Constitution: Rejoining the Union New governments were formed in the South starting in The first state to be readmitted to the Union was Tennessee in The last state was Georgia in As part of being readmitted to the Union, states had to ratify the new amendments to the Constitution.
They rebuilt roads, got farms running again, and built schools for poor and black children. Eventually the economy in the South began to recover.
Carpetbaggers Some northerners moved to the South during the Reconstruction to try and make money off of the rebuilding. They were often called carpetbaggers because they sometimes carried their belongings in luggage called carpetbags. The Southerners didn't like that the Northerners were moving in and trying to get rich off of their troubles.
He removed the federal troops from the South and the state governments took over. Unfortunately, many of the changes to equal rights were immediately reversed.
Interesting Facts about the Reconstruction White Southerners who joined the Republican Party and helped with the Reconstruction were called scalawags. The Reconstruction Act of divided the South into five military districts ran by the army.
President Andrew Johnson granted pardons to many Confederate leaders. He also vetoed a number of Reconstruction laws passed by Congress. He vetoed so many laws his nickname became the "Veto President".
In order to fight against the Black Codes, the federal government set up Freedman's Bureaus to help black people and to set up schools that black children could attend. Activities Take a ten question quiz about this page. Listen to a recorded reading of this page:Transformation after the Civil War - The post-Civil War South was a world of contrasting viewpoints and controversial issues.
Fresh out of the war, southerners were faced with tasks such as industrializing their area, dealing with the new ideals put forth by the Emancipation Proclamation, and finding a balance in terms of race relations.
ECONOMIC CHANGE AND URBAN GROWTH IN POST CIVIL WAR SOUTH Grade Levels: 4th and higher Questions: The Civil War left the South’s economy in shambles. Union soldiers noticed the Students will answer the guiding questions in a five paragraph essay using the directories and invention site to substantiate their opinions.
Women's Rights After the Civil War The women's rights movement had been gathering a following before the war, and it resumed after the war's conclusion. Although the majority of women were forced to return to their traditional domestic roles, this period marked a significant turning point in women's history.
Post Civil War America was transformed by technology as inventions in farming and industry swept across the land. The transcontinental railroad allowed unfettered travel from coast to coast.
The Telegraph opened the flood gates of long-distance communication. Course Hero has thousands of civil War study resources to help you. Find civil War course notes, answered questions, and civil War tutors 24/7.
Connecting the evidence to the thesis and being clearer on supporting the thesis. Reconstruction Essay.
Right after the Civil War the Congress passed three amendments 13 th 14 th and the 15 th. For. These books explore different times and events, and adopt contrasting methodological approaches, but they come together under Edwards's original premise: to understand how gender informed the strife, confusion, and violence of the post-Civil War period in the American South.