Past commonwealth essays

Keckler, University of New Mexico, finding a clear deterrent in the death penalty for those who murder and do not fear prison. The Case of Illinois," by Dale O. It is found that these actions are coincident with the increased risk of homicide incurred by the residents of Illinois over the 48 month post-event period for which data were available. The increased risk produced an estimated additional homicides during the post-event period.

Past commonwealth essays

His statement resounds with a long tradition of prisoners, particularly African-American prisoners, who have used the language and narrative of slavery to describe the conditions of their imprisonment. In the yearas the punishment industry becomes a leading employer and producer for the U.

This year the U. Recent studies of the prison boom stress the persistent disparities in sentencing according to race -- prison populations continue to be disproportionately African American and Latino. With longer sentences being imposed for nonviolent drug offenses, with aggressive campaigns aimed at criminalizing young people, and with the growing number of children left orphaned by the criminal justice system, the carceral reach of the state and private corporations resonates with the history of slavery and marks a level of human bondage unparalleled in the 20th century.

Scholars and activists have plunged into an examination of the historical origins of racialized slavery as a coercive labor form and social system in an attempt to explain the huge increase in mass incarceration in the U.

Past commonwealth essays

Drawing these links has been important in explaining the relationship between racism and criminalization after emancipation, and in connecting the rise of industrial and mechanized labor to the destructive effects of deindustrialization and globalization.

The point of retracing this history is not to argue that prisons have been a direct outgrowth of slavery, but to interrogate the persistent connections between racism and the global economy.

Mass imprisonment on the level seen in the U. As many scholars of the punishment industry have shown, regardless of the labor prisoners do to service the larger economy either private or publicprisons increasingly function in the U. The immediate post-emancipation period is a key place to start in outlining the investment of the U.

Slavery and Prison - Understanding the Connections

Related to the above is the growth of new abolitionist movements whose goals are the elimination of mass imprisonment as a method of treatment for addiction and mental illness, as an economic ameliorative, and as a method of social control -- what one scholar has termed "the carceral management of poverty" Wacquant, The connections between slavery and imprisonment have been used by abolitionists as an historical explanation and as part of a radical political strategy that questions the feasibility of "reform" as an appropriate response to prison expansion.

As a leader in the creation of this new abolitionist movement, Angela Davis The 13th Amendment, when it abolished slavery, did so except for convicts. Through the prison system, the vestiges of slavery have persisted. It thus makes sense to use a word that has this historical resonance.

Although a fully conceptualized abolitionism is starting to emerge, it may be useful to outline some of the historical antecedents to current anti-prison and antiracist movements. As prison construction and the crime frenzy continue around the U.

Support Aeon

The state, as it is currently configured in the U. In rural and urban areas crippled by the slow decline in manufacturing and skilled jobs, the punishment industry has emerged as the new jobs program, a role it plays with the military. Yet it is precisely now, when prisons crowd the physical and psychic landscape, that imagining abolition is most critical.

Thus, the new abolitionism has arisen out of the communities most affected by the prison state -- those least able to conceptualize anything other than a transformation of the state as it is currently configured.

Studies of the relationship between slavery and mass imprisonment have a long history in the United States and internationally.

Puritanism and Predestination, Divining America, TeacherServe®, National Humanities Center

Tracing this history and the relationship between slavery and prison expansion can help inform current efforts toward prison abolition and provide a context for moving beyond reforms that have usually boosted the carceral state through a rejuvenation of the prison system, rather than clearing a path for true liberation and transformation.

From the vantage point of post-slavery emancipation, it seemed like the possibility of genuine freedom and democracy for freed slaves was a reality in the making.

Although the roots of 19th-century abolitionism were varied, the popular understanding is that it was a middle-class movement led by whites and a few ex-slaves. In reality, much of the scholarship on abolitionism conflicts with this limited conception of the coalitions that powered the move to end slavery Aptheker, ; Robinson, Whether rushing over Union lines to fight against the Confederacy, planning slave revolts, or resisting slavery through countless individual acts, freed blacks and slaves challenged the foundations of a labor and social system based on racialized slavery.Josephine Moshiri Elwood is happy to be making her debut with Commonwealth Shakespeare Company.

Previous Boston credits include Gabriel (Greater Boston Stage Company), Hand to God, The Whale (Speakeasy Stage), Othello, and God’s Ear (Actor’s Shakespeare Project). Josephine can be found performing regularly with Sh!t-Faced Shakespeare in Romeo and Juliet and TheTaming of the .

"I'M BEGINNING TO BELIEVE THAT `U.S.A.' STANDS FOR THE UNDERPRIVILEGED Slaves of America" (Esposito and Wood, ), wrote a 20th-century prisoner from Mississippi in a letter detailing the daily violence he witnessed behind prison walls.

Sex, Economy, Freedom & Community: Eight Essays [Wendell Berry] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. In this new collection of essays, Wendell Berry continues his work as one of America’s most necessary social commentators. With wisdom and clear. Persuasive essay sentence stems essay on importance of inclusive education in our society css past papers of english essay Related Post of Past commonwealth.

Topics for The Queen's Commonwealth Essay Competition can be read online or downloaded.

Past commonwealth essays

Can I write on more than one topic? No, students may only submit one essay each, which means that you have to choose one of the four topics in your relevant category. Free city council papers, essays, and research papers.

Slavery and Prison - Understanding the Connections