Although India occupies only 2. Only China has a larger population.
Muhammed Jinnah Gandhi persuaded many of his followers to use non-violent protests. They had sit-down strikes, they refused to work, they refused to pay their taxes etc. If the British reacted in a heavy-handed manner, it only made the British look worse; essentially, the British would come across as bullies enforcing their rule on the bullied.
However, there were those in India who wanted to use more extreme measures. This first met in — the Simon Commission.
This commission reported in There were no Indians on the commission. It proposed self-government for the provinces but nothing else. This was unacceptable for the INC, which wanted dominion status, granted immediately.
During the time the Simon Commission reported, Gandhi started his second civil disobedience campaign. This included Gandhi deliberately breaking the law.
The law in India stated that only the government could manufacture salt. After a mile march to the sea, Gandhi started to produce his own salt. This produced a violent clash with the British authorities and Gandhi was arrested. At this time, a sympathetic Viceroy to India had been appointed — Lord Irwin.
He believed that India should have dominion status — and he publicly expressed this idea. Irwin pushed for the issue to be discussed. He organised two Round Table conferences in and They were both held in London. The first conference failed as no INC members were present.
Most were in Indian prisons. Irwin pushed for their release and he persuaded Gandhi to travel to Britain to take part in the second conference.
Despite this development, the conference achieved little as it broke down over an issue that was to haunt India in future years — religion.
The partition of the Indian Subcontinent in was a conspiracy which resulted in the largest mass migration in human history, with up to million people crossing borders. Thapar, Romila (), A History of India. Volume One, Penguin Books James Mill (–), in his The History of British India (), distinguished three phases in the history of India, namely Hindu, Muslim and British civilisations. Mar 03, · Reasons for partition. India and Pakistan won independence in August , following a nationalist struggle lasting nearly three decades. It set a vital precedent for the negotiated winding up of.
Those present at the second conference, argued and failed to agree over what the representation of Muslims would be in an independent Indian parliament. Inthe Government of India Act was introduced.
Britain, at this time, had a National Government and progress was made over India purely because Stanley Baldwin, the Tory leader, and Ramsey-MacDonald, the Labour leader, agreed on a joint course of action.
Winston Churchill was bitterly opposed to it. An elected Indian assembly to have a say in everything in India except defence and foreign affairs.Summary of all scams in India since Here is a summary of all scams since independence.
These may not be the only ones. These are the ones that were caught and brought to the notice of the public. May 24, · On 15th August, , India won independence.
This happened only after years of struggle, of invaders coming and leaving, of riots, wars, and disagreements between our leaders. The most prominent of these disagreements was regarding the partition of India, known as one of the most tragic events in world history.
Mar 03, · Reasons for partition. India and Pakistan won independence in August , following a nationalist struggle lasting nearly three decades.
It set a vital precedent for the negotiated winding up of. The Partition of India was the division of British India in which accompanied the creation of two independent dominions, India and Pakistan. The Dominion of India is today the Republic of India, and the Dominion of Pakistan is today the Islamic Republic of Pakistan and the People's Republic of Bangladesh.
Mahapadma Nanda became King of Magadha and created what looks like the first "Empire" in Northern India. While Indian history begins with some confidence with the Mauyras, the Nandas are now emerging into the light of history with a little more distinctness.
India Index: Chronology c BC - c BC Indus Valley bronze age civilization founding cities including Harappa and Mohenjo-daro.