The following paper topics are designed to test your understanding of the play as a whole and analyze important themes and literary devices.
Essays on Creativity, pp. The ruler of that domain was called the Bey of Tunis. Tunis was a pirate base and part of the Ottoman Empire, whose Sultan, as recently ashad laid siege to Vienna. In the following year, his fleet wintered in Toulon.
The capture of Tunis was one of the principal objectives of this latterday crusade. A fleet sailing from Naples to Tunis would be most likely to be wrecked on the western coast of Sicily. The raising of that siege was a turning point in the contest between Christianity and Islam in the Mediterranean.
The sea which Prospero commands Ariel to conjure into a storm is the Mediterranean, the mare nostrum of the Romans, not the Atlantic. From the seventh century till the present, that sea, in which the adventures of Odysseus, Aeneas and St Paul took place, has been divided between Christian and Muslim.
It is also embodied in the figure of Sycorax, the mother of Caliban. It is alien, dangerous and emphatically not part of the human world.
The audience is left with no illusions as to what lies beyond the edge of that circle. There are no priests, and no hierophants, in The Tempest. Prospero is a Magus, a very different creature.
Oddly, the one obvious orthodox Christian theological reference in the play is developed in a very unorthodox manner indeed.
A case can be made for the idea that Prospero, Miranda and Ariel represent the three elements of the Christian Trinity. Ariel owes more to the Sacred Magic of Abra-Melin the Mage, a fifteenth century goetic manuscript with which Shakespeare may have been familiar, than to the Paraclete.
However, like Proust and Lewis Carroll, Shakespeare had somewhat unconventional views about young girls. Unlike them, he saw them as vehicles of grace rather than fantasy. In Pericles, it is Marina, despite the abuse to which she is subjected by her father and the world, who brings about the harmony which prevails at the end of the play.
Though Cordelia cannot save her erring father Lear, her death helps him to regain his humanity and equilibrium. For Shakespeare, daughters are the healers of harms. Her violation is the greatest crime of all.
The bitterly divided family of Leontes who, oddly enough, is King of Sicily, is effectively motherless. One concerns a father, Prospero, who loses his wife through death and keeps a daughter.
The other is about a father, Leontes, who casts out his wife because of irrational jealousy, suffers the death of a son, and also loses a daughter. Prospero saves himself by his own renunciation of power and revenge and by giving away his daughter in marriage to the son of one of his oppressors.
Leontes is saved, despite himself, by the long-suffering love of his wife and the fortunate marriage of his daughter to Florizel, the heir of the King of Bohemia. In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, royal marriages could be very mixed blessings.
However, only a loyal Jacobite would argue that the Stuarts were anything other than a devious and mediocre dynasty who visited unacceptable foreign alliances with Catholic powers, civil war and revolution on their subjects. These marriages menaced the legitimate Protestant interests of the English and Scottish people.
The marriage of Margaret Tudor and James IV eventually had something of the happy ending intended for that between Ferdinand and Miranda, the union of Scotland and England finding its echo in that between Naples and Milan. Her marriages to Francis II of France, Darnley and Bothwell destroyed her authority and disrupted the peace of her realm.Tempest Resources Please see the main Tempest page for the complete play with explanatory notes and study questions.
Examination Questions and Answers on The Tempest Themes in The Tempest: Reality, Thought, Imagination Forgiveness and Reconciliation in The Tempest The Tempest and A Midsummer Night's Dream Magic, Books, and the Supernatural in The Tempest The Tempest: A Marriage Play?
The Tempest: Critical Essays traces the history of Shakespeare's controversial late romance from its early reception (and adaptation) in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries to the present.2/5(1).
The following paper topics are designed to test your understanding of the play as a whole and analyze important themes and literary devices. Following each question is a sample outline to help you.
The Tempest: Critical Essays traces the history of Shakespeare's controversial late romance from its early reception (and adaptation) in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries to the present. Critical Essays The Tempest as a Political Romance Bookmark this page Manage My Reading List Men's patriarchal concern about possible social changes was expressed in the many debates on this issue.
Feb 03, · The multidimensional text of The Tempest has inspired a rich variety of critical analyses on such themes as human salvation, power, magic, and politics. Surveying the play as .