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Dictatorship[ edit ] Uruguay's democratically-elected Parliament continued working until June 27,when it was dismissed for resisting the military regime.
Bordaberry created a new Council of State and put the military in control over civilian life. The new dictatorship was inspired by Brazilian military governmentwhich said that the Cold War allowed all means to defeat the Left and Communists.
Byit consisted of 28 members mostly army generals, air force brigadiers and navy admirals. The regime's promises to improve the economy were dashed by the global crisis caused by the oil crisis. Uruguay started borrowing money from international lenders, chiefly from the US. Opening of the small local economy to global corporations and financial institutions ruined local Uruguayan companies, who could no longer compete.
The regime was forced to borrow even more and cut budget expenditures.
In Junehe proposed a new, corporatist constitution that would have permanently shuttered the parties and codified a permanent role for the military. This was further than even the military wanted to go, and it forced him to resign.
However, he refused to sign a law removing political rights of thousands of politicians. Social spending was cut, with many state companies privatized. The state stepped in and bailed out many collapsing businesses and banks.
The failure of the regime to improve the economy further weakened its position. Only two traditional parties, the Blancos and Colorados, were to exist, and the president would be elected from a single, pre-approved candidate.
Inthe regime put its plan to the voters via a referendum. In a shock to the regime, The vote marked the start of negotiated return to democracy.
The military's belief that it needed to legitimize their proposed constitution by holding an actual referendum, as opposed to simply falsifying the voting results, was itself an indication that democracy was not quite dead yet in Uruguay.
He began negotiations with civilian politicians about returning power to elected officials. On June 7,a law allowed the traditional political parties BlancosColoradosand Civic Union Party to resume their activities, but leftist parties remained banned.
On November 28, elections were held to elect representatives to political party conventions, which then were expected to select new leaders, who then would be allowed to participate in the presidential elections of From May to Julypolitical parties and military officers held negotiations in Park Hotel without any results.
In November 27,a massive street demonstration was allowed in Montevideo with approximatelypeople participating. Return to democracy, [ edit ] Inthere were strikes against the regime and in support of political prisoners.
On January 13,the first hour general strike since was organized. Talks between military leadership and civilian politicians intensified despite the fact that several political leaders were still notable, such as Wilson Ferreira Aldunate.
On August 3,the Naval Club Pact was signed and restored the constitution of and allowed the military to advise in security matters and control appointments of senior officers. The military also received blanket amnesty for human rights violations. The first Sanguinetti administration implemented economic reforms and consolidated democratization following the country's years under military rule.
Nonetheless, Sanguinetti never supported the human rights violations accusations, and his government did not prosecute the military officials who engaged in repression and torture against either the Tupamaros or the MLN.
Torture extended until the end of Uruguayan dictatorship in Uruguay had the highest number per capita of political prisoners in the world. MLN heads were isolated in prisons and subjected to repeated acts of torture. Emigration from Uruguay rose drastically, as large numbers of Uruguayans looked for political asylum throughout the world.
Around Uruguayans are known to have been killed during the year military rule from The Museo de la Memoriain Montevideocommemorates those who were murdered or disappeared under the regime.
Censorship[ edit ] Media and literature[ edit ] During the years of the dictatorship, censorship was heavily placed on Uruguayan people.Type or paste a DOI name into the text box. Click Go. Your browser will take you to a Web page (URL) associated with that DOI name.
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