African national identities essay

These spheres, for example historical nations, had to be preserved and protected from liberalism and revolutionary ideologies. According to Diederichs, God created nations and these nations had a God-ordained right to exist as separate entities. Therefore, Afrikaners could refuse a "British-designed" South Africa in which they would co-exist with other ethnic groups as a minority. He acknowledged this as unjust and unchristian, and as a solution offered total segregation, that is apartheidbetween the blacks and the whites.

African national identities essay

They aligned with the conservative views of Abraham Kuyperwho emphasised God's authority over separate spheres of creation. These spheres, for example historical nations, had to be preserved and protected from liberalism and revolutionary ideologies. In his view, all these ideas challenged God's authority.

Nicolaas Johannes Diederichswho later became South Africa's presidentformulated Afrikaner nationalistic ideology in his book "Nationalism as a Worldview and Its Relationship to Internationalism" through Kuyperian theology. According to Diederichs, God created nations and these nations had a God-ordained right to exist as separate entities.

Therefore, Afrikaners could refuse a "British-designed" South Africa in which they would co-exist with other ethnic groups African national identities essay a minority.

He acknowledged this as unjust and unchristian, and as a solution offered total segregation, that is apartheidbetween the blacks and the whites. Their solution was a drastic reordering of the South African demographic map with a dominant Afrikaner Republic not influenced by British imperialism.

However, because of the opposition of the urban middle class they did not propose a return to conservative, pre-modern Boer pastoralism. The economic depression in —09 changed this attitude when a new group of "poor whites", mostly Afrikaners, emerged.

The application of segregation will furthermore lead to the creation of separate healthy cities for the non-whites where they will be in a position to develop along their own lines, establish their own institutions and later on govern themselves under the guardianship of the whites" [6] The Afrikaner state as a Christian civilisation thus had a divine right to stay separate and rule the surrounding " heathen " nations.

The architect Gerard Moerdijk described it as a "monument that would stand thousands of years to describe the history and the meaning of the Great Trek to it descendants". Hertzog led the National Party to the and elections under the slogan "South Africa first" to create a South Africa independent from the British influence.

During his reign, he steadily promoted Afrikaner nationalism while deepening the racial segregation in the country. In practice the program consisted of utilising the Afrikaner capital into new and existing Afrikaner businesses. Although volkskapitalisme managed to develop some Afrikaner businesses, such as Sanlam and Volkskas into corporate giants that still have a central role in South African economyin the end the economic benefits for the majority of the poor Afrikaners were slim.

According to electoral studies, the majority of the target group white, Afrikaans speaking South Africans did not vote for the Afrikaner nationalistic National Party until the early s. These ideas were spread through new emerging Afrikaner print media, such as the Christian-nationalistic journal Koers Direction and a more popularised Inspan, magazines such as Huisgenoot, books published by the Burger Boekhandel publishing house and the newspapers Die BurgerTransvaler and Volksblad.

Pornography, gambling, and other such vices were banned because they were thought to be elements contrary to the "Afrikaner way of life".

The gulf widened further during the s partly because of the international pressure against apartheid. The group had the support of an estimated 5—7 percent of white South Africans in This organisation was however never able to garner substantial Afrikaner support, which was held by the National Party until its dissolution.

In the s the National Party acknowledged the failure of its ethnic project and under the leadership of F. After apartheid, Afrikaner nationalism has lost most of its support. The party is linked to South Africa Today a media outlet that reports about South African farm attacks and other things that affect white South Africans.

The tradition of Christian-national education is continued by the Movement for Christian-National Education Afrikaans:We will write a custom essay sample on Nationalism and Political Identities in Asia, Africa, and Latin America specifically for you.

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African national identities essay

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African national identities essay
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